Partnership For E-mobility, one of the three key initiatives of the Polish COP24 Presidency, is reflected in the declaration “Driving Change Together – Katowice Partnership for e-Mobility”. This voluntary declaration was joined by the vast part of the global community in Katowice, in December 2018. In order for the words of the declaration to transform into action we need a follow up – further practical steps to rally the momentum
and harness political good will.
The Global e-Mobility Forum was an opportunity to present and discuss good practices in developing e-mobility programs in various markets. Such a high-level discussion was held amongst partners representing governments, regions and cities, international organizations and business circles contributed to the transformation of the transportation sector in a desired direction. It met my expectations because this exchange addressed the following issues: the most effective strategies for development of e-mobility, easy access to financial means and possibilities to generate new resources and communication with the citizens about benefits and challenges related to the upcoming revolution in transport.
I am thankful to have met so many e-Moblity enthusiasts and leaders who provided us with such a wide array of experiences and so much refreshing knowledge.
Summary and Conclusions
Over 500 participants of the Global e-Mobility Forum in Warsaw who represented administration, business, science and NGOs, experts and market practitioners from all over the world have agreed on one thing: the development of zero emission transport requires a dialogue of all the stakeholders of the electromobility sector.
Global e-Mobility Forum took place on 21 November at the PGE National Stadium in Warsaw. This high‑level international conference with participants who represented governments, international organizations and industry with significant impact on the shape and pace of the development of the global market for electromobility, attracted over 500 participants. The event was inaugurated by Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland, Mateusz Morawiecki, and Minister of Climate and President of COP24, Michał Kurtyka.
“The development of electromobility remains our priority. We have implemented numerous legal and financial instruments to accelerate the transformation towards zero-emission transport. I hope that the Global e-Mobility Forum will allow us to develop new solutions and ideas that will respond to the challenges of tomorrow’s mobility,” said Prime Minister.
The organiser of the Global e-Mobility Forum was the Polish Presidency of the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the Ministry of Climate Change, in cooperation with PSPA.
“In Poland, we want to live in clean, healthy cities, and electro-mobility is an effective tool to improve the quality of our lives. I am glad that our partners from all over the world have come to Warsaw to discuss together how to support and build a system of ecological transport,” said Minister of Climate, President of COP24, Michał Kurtyka.
During the Forum, meetings of 6 international working groups took place, organized as round tables. Their task was to discuss experiences and best practices in thematic areas of key importance for the zero‑emission transport sector. The group meetings were attended by experts from the entire electro‑mobility value chain: representatives of administration, manufacturers of vehicles, subassemblies and infrastructure, energy concerns, operators of charging stations and shared mobility systems, technology suppliers, representatives of industry and NGOs, universities, consulting companies, financial institutions, and public organisations. “In total, over 200 experts from Poland and abroad took part in the meetings of the working groups,” says Maciej Mazur, Managing Director of PSPA.
The coordinators of individual working groups presented the most important conclusions from the work of their teams. Below, we present the key findings.
1. The strategies for the development of electromobility must be adapted to local conditions.
Participants in Working Group 1 (The most effective strategies for development of e-Mobility), in their debate on the most effective ways to implement electromobility in different markets, have agreed that there is no single, universal strategy to build a sustainable transport ecosystem. Developing an electric vehicle fleet and charging infrastructure is a complex process whose elements depend on a number of social, financial and legislative factors. An effective zero-emission transport strategy must be adapted to local circumstances, both at the national and local government levels.
Electromobility must not be an end in itself, but a tool to improve the quality of life of a society. Education is essential, both for representatives of the administration and for potential buyers of electric vehicles. Building a sustainable transport system should always start with legislation adapted to the most important trends in the mobility sector.
2. A stable and comprehensive support system is the basis for the development of the electric vehicles market.
Working group 2 (Financing e-Mobility) aimed to identify the most effective forms of support for electromobility. Experts emphasized that the subsidy system should be transparent and stable as potential buyers of electric vehicles must be aware of the support which they can count on, what the rules of granting the support are, and exactly what economic benefits they can expect.
An effective subsidy scheme covers the entire electro-mobility value chain: not only the cars, but also other types of vehicles (including buses) and infrastructure. As numerous international examples show, subsidies for private chargers are particularly important as most EV drivers prefer to charge their cars at home. An effective support system should be addressed to individuals, entrepreneurs, and local governments. It is therefore beneficial for the public administration to have a permanent and constructive dialogue with all the market participants.
3. The development of sustainable transport brings about new challenges
Challenges and barriers to creation of an ecosystem for clean transport were the subject of the Working Group 3 (The challenges ahead of e-Mobility). Experts have come up with a number of factors which influence market growth rates. They mainly pointed to legal and administrative barriers, insufficiently developed charging infrastructure, high prices of zero- and low-emission cars in showrooms, but also to obstacles related to low social awareness and technological conditions. Participants of the working group pointed out that in some markets the supply in the electromobility sector is not keeping pace with the demand, as evidenced by long waiting times to get electric cars. In the case of entrepreneurs and local governments which bring electric vehicles into their fleets on a larger scale, it is necessary to change the existing operational models which were set up with conventional vehicles in mind. It is also necessary to improve the environmental performance of the whole life cycle of EV and in particular to seek further ways of reusing partially used batteries.
4. Full standardisation in the electro-mobility sector is not possible in the short term
One of the biggest challenges of today’s electromobility market is increasing the level of standardisation in the field of electric vehicles charging. This was the topic of the Working Group 4 (Standardization in e‑Mobility). Currently, there are several most popular charging standards in the world (CCS, CHAdeMO, and Chinese GB/T), supported by different automotive companies. This means that a charging station must be equipped with additional connectors, which generates higher costs. Moreover, the network of public charging infrastructure is managed by many different operators, who often introduce different forms of access to stations and payment for services, which significantly reduces the comfort of using electric vehicles. Experts at the Global e-Mobility Forum have agreed that due to economic factors and strong market competition, full standardisation in this area will take time. The standardisation level can be raised gradually, but it is absolutely necessary to keep a constant, constructive dialogue by all the market participants. Industry organisations play a key role in this area, as well as introducing appropriate legal regulations. The stations of the international charging network should have a high level of interoperability. In the absence of standardisation, publicly available chargers must be universal and compatible with as many electric vehicles as possible. Stations should be equipped with connectors to suit different charging standards.
5. The future of transport is electric and hydrogen vehicles
The Working Group 5 (The future of e-Mobility) focused on the debate on the future of electromobility. The experts have agreed that in the years to come transport sector will rely on both fully electric battery-powered vehicles as well as on hydrogen-powered ones. Hydrogen technologies can be particularly important in the heavy and long-distance transport segment. Battery-powered vehicles, on the other hand, will first become more and more popular in the cities, also thanks to the increasingly spreading car‑sharing systems.
6. Changes in the mobility sector open the door to new business models
The Working Group 6 (Business models in e-Mobility) focused on sustainable business models, value development and new forms of ownership, access to capital, public-private partnerships and startup/corporate synergies. Experts have come to a conclusion that the changes in the transport sector are so dynamic that they continue to create opportunities for new business models. Electromobility, autonomy, and digitisation are not only new technological trends, but also factors which can change the lifestyles of societies around the world. A good example is the expansion of shared mobility services, inseparably connected with the transformation of the automotive sector. Investing in electro-mobility is becoming an increasingly important element in creating business models in large corporations, not only those involved in transport. Its development, as a response to the key climate challenges which face the humankind, is becoming a significant advantage, also in terms of image, of enterprises from many different branches of the economy.
The main conclusions of the working groups meetings held as part of the Global e-Mobility Forum were summarized at the end of the conference by Michał Kurtyka, Minister of Climate and President of COP24.
“The exchange of ideas and experiences is the key to the development of a sustainable transport market. Private and public sectors must work closely together. Issues related to business and technology development are inseparably connected with the idea of mitigating the adverse climate change. We must constantly search for optimal solutions in this area, including legislative ones,” summed up Michał Kurtyka.
Among the entities which worked in the working groups there were, among others: the European Commission, Ministry of Climate, Low-Emission Transport Fund, World Bank, European Investment Bank, Polish Development Fund, Office of Technical Inspection, Public Procurement Office, Polish Investment and Trade Agency, Industrial Development Agency, Krakow Municipal Holding, Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, State Forests, Tauron, Energa, Innogy, Volkswagen, Volvo, Daimler, Nissan, Toyota, Solaris, Renault, Mitsubishi, Northvolt, CHAdeMO, GreenWay, Allego, Ekoenergetyka, Garo, ABB, engie, Nexity, PRE Biel, Enelion, KZL Bydgoszcz, ING Bank Śląski, Alphabet, Santander Leasing, Polkomtel, EFL, BMW Financial Services, Siemens, Hitachi, inPost, No Limit, Uber, Vooom, Panek, Bird, Lime, 4Mobility, Triggo, McKinsey, PwC, KPMG, Warsaw School of Economics, WWF, as well as the Embassies of Great Britain, Holland, and New Zealand.
driving change together
The challenges of reducing emissions and pollution cover all sectors of the economy, including transport. The transport sector is responsible for 14% of global greenhouse gas emissions. In the perspective of rapid urbanization of many countries of the world and progressive globalization, manifested by the increase in the volume of freight transport, as well as the mobility of people, this will result in an increase in the demand for transport services. The challenge of transport emissions is proving increasingly important. This trend puts the emphasis on technological and organisational change, steering the world towards electromobility and zero-emission transport.
Maintaining the current rate of development, including the development of urban agglomerations and megacities, while keeping the current transport model and the dominant types of propulsion and energy sources, is incompatible with the promotion of a sustainable transport model and the reduction of dependence on fossil fuels.
With this in mind, the Polish Presidency of COP24 proposed to make electromobility one of the leading topics of the Conference of the Parties. The tool to achieve this goal is the Driving Change Together – Katowice Partnership for Electromobility, prepared by Poland and the United Kingdom. It is an impetus to ensure that all people can live in clean, citizen and environmentally friendly cities by making efforts to promote electromobility and clean transport. It can stimulate legal, economic, social and cultural conditions for the development of electromobility, sustainable patterns and innovation in transport, with the ultimate effect of reducing emissions in this sector and improving the health of the planet’s population. Agreement partners can be states, regions and cities, as well as NGOs.
The Polish Presidency expresses the hope that the cooperation of all parties at global level will help to accelerate the electromobility revolution, creating one of the concrete dimensions of implementation of the Paris Agreement and fulfilment of the Global Climate Action objectives. Therefore, we encourage all interested parties to read the content of the declaration, as well as to become a signatory to it. The helm of the future is in our hands!